The army entered Timbuktu
French soldiers? Ais and Mali came Monday in the historic city of Timbuktu, without a fight and the cheers of the people, after months of occupation by Islamist insurgents who have br? The UN building containing precious ancient manuscripts prior to the leak.
“There was no shooting, no drop of blood, not even passive resistance with traps,” said the French colonel? Ais Fr??d??ric Gout, head of the helicopter operation on Timbuktu. “We are winning this battle” has dealt in Paris French President Fran? Ois Hollande. “When I say we, it is the Malian army, the Africans supported by the Frenchman,” he said soon as you’ve.
Timbuktu, 900 km northeast of Bamako, fell after a maneuver joint, land and air, and dropping paratroopers in the periphery, before the coming Monday afternoon a column of French soldiers? ais and Malian town.
The French forces? Ease and Mali are now deployed throughout the “Niger loop” between the two Islamist strongholds of Timbuktu and Gao, fell Saturday announced the staff. The maneuver was carried out jointly with support from French aircraft patrols hunting? Ais. Monday night, the staff said that 25 Islamists were killed when taking Gao.
Ancient manuscripts burned
The Mayor of Timbuktu Ousmane Halley, which is located in Bamako, says a building housing ancient manuscripts was burned by Islamists. The chain is Britain’s Sky News shot a few pictures of the destruction in the Ahmed Baba Institute, home to between 60,000 and 100,000 manuscripts, according to the Malian Ministry of Culture. The severity of destruction and possible theft is not yet determined.
Sky News has also filmed two secure rooms of the institute, meant shelter valuable documents and whose shelves are empty. It is possible that these manuscripts have been immune to the Islamists. Timbuktu was the intellectual and spiritual capital of Islam throughout Africa in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and a prosperous caravan city.
Fear of retaliation
Tuareg fighters of the National Liberation Movement of Azawad (MNLA) have their heart tee announced Monday they control? Laient the city of Kidal in northern Mali, deserted by their former Islamist allies. This movement, the obedience? That is fighting for self-determination and independence of northern Mali.
Contacted by Le Monde, a spokesman for the movement, Moussa Ag Assarid, said that: “. MNLA control the Kidal and cities in the region, including El Khalil, since Monday morning Our items are inside City and embroidered slow entry level positions. They encountered no resistance, but the fighters are cautious because it could be a cons-offensive. operations are under way elsewhere. ”
Tuareg separatists have ensured not seek confrontation with the French military or with the African intervention force, but want to “protect the people against the abuses of the Malian army.” The NGO Human Rights Watch (HRW) has also asked Monday to the Malian authorities to take “immediate action” to “protect all Malians retaliation”, citing “high risk of inter-ethnic tensions” in the North, where the rivalry is strong between Arab and Tuareg communities a heart tee, black on the other.
The African Union (AU) would pay $ 45 million of the 460 required for the deployment of the African force in Mali, according to a draft declaration of the Heads of State gathered at the AU summit in Addis Ababa, published on the eve of a conference of donors for Mali.
This is the first time that the AU to part finance operation peacekeeping. Five million would also be made available for the restructuring of the Malian army.
The lack of financial and logistical resources seriously hampers the deployment of the African force in Mali, only 2,000 soldiers for the summer time sent to Mali and neighboring Niger. In recent days, diplomats also believed 700 million the total funding requirement of the African Standby Force and the Malian army.
England ready to provide more help, not Italy
The United Kingdom, for consideration, according to a government source quoted by the Guardian, quickly send 200 military non-combatants in West Africa, including some “tens” in Mali, would become the first Western country to support the France by a presence on the ground, even if it is only entered have dinner troops countries in West Africa to take over charge to fight the Islamists.
The British advisor for national security, Kim Darroch, visited Paris on Monday to assess the needs of France. Already on Monday, Prime Minister David Cameron had assured Mr. Holland that London was “ready” to help more Paris to Mali. The UK is ready to provide logistical support, monitoring and information, and to participate in a possible EU mission workout of the Malian army, said Downing Street.
Japan, he pledged on Tuesday to pay $ 120 million to help stabilize the Mali and the Sahel, a few days after the death of one in ten Japanese hostage in Algeria by Islamic saying to retaliate the French Intervention? comfortable in Mali.
Italy has however given to send three aircraft logistical support to Mali for a period of two to three months, said Monday Mario Monti. Monti’s government resigned, failed to get enough support from major Italian parties that Parliament enterrine this shipment, Mr Monti said during a TV show LA7.
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